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Painting by Nikolai Petrovich Bogdanov-Belsky "Novices" was made in 1904 in the style of realism.
Genre: genre painting.
The image of the school, peasant children occupies a special place in the artist's work. The work “Beginners” is also devoted to this topic. The plot is based on three boys studying the alphabet. Two of them are dressed in typical peasant clothes. On the legs - bast shoes tied to the knees. The third boy is in boots. One would think that it is urban. However, a huge patch on his pants, a red corner of his shirt, slipped out from under the jacket, indicate that he is no different from the rest of the guys.
The boys are standing on benches installed along the walls, and are passionate about analyzing the alphabet on the wall. Each child indicates a letter. Looking at the picture, the viewer, first of all, pays attention to the heads of children. Two boys are turned in profile, the third is standing with his back. Despite the fact that the faces are not fully visible, the artist managed to convey a deep interest and desire for knowledge. The guys carefully examine the alphabet, point to different letters. The posture and tilt of the head complement the impression.
The image is voluminous. This is achieved with the help of a wonderful transmission of light and shadow - the shadow of a boy in boots lies on the wall. Black and white drawing is also used in drawing clothes.
The color contrast, found expression in the light walls and the black cover of the bench, the dark hair of the boy in boots and the bright heads of the other two guys also emphasizes the volume of the image. It is interesting that the only bright spot is the corner of the shirt of a boy in boots, in shape repeating the knots on the wall. The artist uses it in order to pay special attention to the fact that events occur in an ordinary wooden hut.
Not only the figures of the children are spelled out in detail. Wooden walls with knots, joints, stone benches with blackboards lying on them, cracks on the wall - there is realism in everything, which the author uses in all his works.
The work is filled with depth, kindness, love for children.
Description Paintings Moscow Yard Polenov